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3 Test Plan Examples for Better Test Management

by Thijs Kok, on August 8, 2023

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Effective test plans are the foundation of any software quality assurance (QA) program. 

Comprehensive and well-designed test plans are critical to ensure that software applications are defect-free and meet user requirements. Armed with well-crafted test plans, testers have a clear, detailed roadmap for conducting their tests from end to end, ranging from functional and security assessments to user acceptance and compatibility checks.

However, even the smallest missing or incomplete piece in your test plan can make a big difference. That’s why the TestMonitor team put together three test plan examples so you can see how well your current test plans stack up.

3 Test Plan Examples for Comprehensive Software QA Coverage

Test plans vary as much as the software they are designed to evaluate. So although these three test plan examples do not cover the full range of what your QA program should evaluate, they are great examples of what comprehensive test plans can look like.

1. User Acceptance Testing

This test validates the software against user requirements, ensures its readiness for production, and gains user confidence in its functionality and performance.

Introduction:

  • The purpose of this user acceptance testing (UAT) test plan is to ensure that the software application meets the requirements and expectations of end users.
  • The scope of testing includes all key functionalities and user workflows.
  • Assumptions: The testing will be conducted on the latest version of the application, and representative users will be available for testing.

Test Objectives:

  • Validate that the application meets the specified requirements.
  • Verify that the application is easy to use and fulfills its intended purpose.
  • Identify any issues or areas for improvement from the user's perspective.
  • Expected outcome: The application should meet user expectations and requirements.

Test Strategy:

  • Involve actual end users to perform real-life scenarios and workflows.
  • Develop test cases and test scripts based on user requirements and use cases.
  • Conduct testing in a production-like environment to simulate real-world conditions.

Roles and Responsibilities: 

  • Clearly define the roles and responsibilities of all UAT team members, including testers, business users, project managers, and other stakeholders. Ensure everyone understands their roles and duties.

Test Schedule: 

  • Provide a detailed timeline for the UAT activities, including start and end dates, milestones, and any specific deadlines or dependencies. Consider factors such as availability of users, resources, and test data.

Test Case: 

User Login (Example)

  • Description: Test the user login functionality.
  • Input data: Valid username and password.
  • Expected result: The user should be able to successfully log in to the application and access the appropriate user interface.
  • Actual result: The user can successfully log in to the application and access the appropriate user interface.

Test Environment:

The UAT environment will consist of:

  • The latest version of the application.
  • Supported devices or browsers.
  • Representative user data.

Test Execution:

  • End users or a designated UAT team will execute the UAT tests. 
  • Real-world scenarios and user workflows will be simulated during testing.

Test Results and Reporting:

  • UAT results and feedback will be captured through:
    • User observations.
    • Surveys.
    • Documented issues or suggestions.
  • The UAT report will include:
    • A summary of the test coverage.
    • User feedback.
    • Identified issues or areas for improvement.

Conclusion:

  • Summarize the outcomes of the UAT.
  • Assess whether the acceptance criteria and objectives have been achieved.
  • Identify any critical issues or areas for improvement uncovered during the testing.

Sign-Off:

  • Specify the stakeholders who need to review and approve the UAT test results.
  • Provide a space for stakeholders to sign off on the test plan, indicating their agreement and acceptance.

Searching for an effective UAT test plan template? >>

2. Functional Testing

This testing ensures that the software functions as expected. A functional testing test case addresses if the software can perform specific tasks, such as creating a new user account or placing an order.

Introduction:

  • The purpose of this test plan is to ensure that the software application is functioning as intended.
  • The scope of testing includes all features and functionality of the application.
  • Assumptions: The testing will be conducted on the latest version of the application, and all necessary hardware and software will be available.

Test Objectives:

  • The objectives of the functional testing are to ensure that all features and functionality are working as expected and that there are no defects or issues that impact the usability or performance of the application.
  • Expected outcome: The application should pass all tests and meet the requirements specified in the software specifications.

Test Strategy:

  • The functional testing approach will involve manual testing techniques and tools.
  • Test cases will be developed based on the software specifications and user requirements.
  • Testing will be performed in a controlled environment to ensure consistent results.

Roles and Responsibilities: 

  • Clearly define the roles and responsibilities of all team members, including software development team, test lead, and the tester. Ensure everyone understands their roles and duties.
    • Examples: 
      • The software development team is responsible for developing the application and conducting unit testing. 
      • The test lead is responsible for developing the test plan, executing test cases, and reporting results. 
      • The tester is responsible for executing the test cases and recording any issues that are identified.

Test Schedule: 

  • The test plan will be executed over a period of two weeks. Testing should begin on day one and continue until all test cases have been completed.

Test Case: 

User Login (Example)

  • Description: Test the user login functionality.
  • Input data: Valid username and password.
  • Expected result: The user should be able to successfully log in to the application.
  • Actual result: The user can successfully log in to the application.

Test Environment:

The testing environment will include the latest version of the application, a supported web browser, and a stable internet connection.

Test Execution:

  • The QA team will execute the tests.
  • The tests will be executed during a designated testing window.

Test Results and Reporting:

  • Test results will be reported in a test report.
  • The report will include a summary of the test cases, the test results, and any issues or defects found during testing.

Conclusion:

The software application has passed all functional tests and meets the requirements specified in the software specifications.

Sign-Off:

The QA team will sign off on the test plan to indicate that the testing has been completed and the application is ready for release.

3. Performance Testing

This type of testing ensures that the software performs well under various load conditions—such as with multiple users or a large volume of data—without crashing or becoming unresponsive.

Introduction:

  • This performance testing test plan will ensure the software application functions optimally under expected workloads and performance requirements.
  • The scope of testing includes evaluating the application's response time, scalability, and stability under various user loads.
  • Assumptions: The testing will be conducted on the latest version of the application, and appropriate performance testing tools and resources will be available.

Test Objectives:

  • Evaluate the application's performance and responsiveness under expected user loads.
  • Measure and analyze key performance metrics such as response time, throughput, and resource utilization.
  • Identify any performance bottlenecks or issues that may impact the application's performance.
  • Expected outcome: The application should meet the specified performance requirements and provide a satisfactory user experience.

Test Strategy:

  • Describe the overall approach and methodology for conducting performance testing.
  • Outline the types of performance tests to be executed, such as load, stress, or endurance testing.
  • Explain the criteria for selecting test scenarios and load levels.
  • Roles and Responsibilities: Clearly define the roles and responsibilities of all team members, including testers, business users, project managers, and other stakeholders. Ensure everyone understands their roles and duties.

Test Schedule: 

  • Include a timeline outlining the planned activities and milestones. Detail any scheduling constraints or dependencies that may impact testing. 

Test Case: 

User Login (Example)

  • Description: Test the performance of the user login functionality.
  • Test scenario: Simulate multiple concurrent user login attempts.
  • Expected result: The application should handle login requests efficiently without significant delays or performance degradation.
  • Actual result: The application successfully handles concurrent user login attempts without performance issues.

Test Environment:

  • Detail the hardware and software requirements for the performance testing environment.
  • Specify the network configuration, server setup, and performance monitoring tools to be used.

Test Execution:

  • Explain the process for executing the performance tests.
  • Provide instructions for configuring the load generation tools and setting up the test environment.
  • Define the workload profiles, load levels, and concurrency to be simulated during the tests.

Test Results and Reporting:

  • Performance test results will be recorded and analyzed, including response time, throughput, and resource utilization.
  • The performance test report will summarize the test scenarios, key performance metrics, and any identified performance issues or bottlenecks.

Conclusion:

  • Summarize the outcomes of the performance testing.
  • Assess whether the performance goals and metrics have been met.
  • Identify any performance issues or bottlenecks uncovered during the testing.

Sign-Off:

  • Specify the stakeholders who need to review and approve the performance test results.
  • Provide a space for stakeholders to sign off on the test plan, indicating their agreement and acceptance.

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